International Dengue Outbreaks Continue
in February 2006
The incidence of dengue and the number of countries affected
by the disease continued to rise throughout the month of February. The occurrence of the disease in all
forms—classic dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, and dengue hemorrhagic
shock—in locations around the world signifies the importance of prevention
through mosquito control, as the vector’s presence throughout the world puts
many populations at risk. Within the
existing public health infrastructure, many countries are actively seeking to
contain the outbreaks and eradicate mosquito breeding grounds.
THE MALDIVES: In the beginning of February, the incidence
of disease and people seeking treatment remained constant . However, as February progressed, the number
of deaths due to dengue fever rose, as well as the number of people infected
with dengue, particularly in Male and the atolls. The number of new cases per day rose to
10-12. At least 2 new cases of dengue hemorrhagic
fever or dengue hemorrhagic shock were also reported daily. As of mid-February, two children and one man
have died from dengue. The Health
Ministry advised to treat the disease with Paracetamol to treat the fever, and
to avoid contact with mosquitoes .
EL SALVADOR: During the last week of January, 107 cases of
dengue fever were reported in El
Salvador, including 85 from
urban areas and 22 from rural areas. By
the beginning of February, a total of 435 cases had been reported so far this
year, which is twice the number reported during the same period in 2005 .
SINGAPORE: After suffering its worst outbreak of dengue
has the crisis under control, the Minister for the Environment and Water
Resources announced in February. Singapore
set aside US$18.4 million to contain the outbreak. Last year, 13,000 people became infected with
the disease, which left 19 dead. At its
peak in September, 713 new cases were being reported weekly . This number fell to 99 new cases per week in
December and 61 per week in January .
The number of mosquito breeding sites had also fallen over the past year
COLOMBIA: Although dengue outbreaks are common during
the summer months in Colombia,
this year has turned more deadly for the city of Yopal. So far this year, Yopal has reported 23 cases
of the more deadly form of the illness, dengue hemorrhagic fever – an increase
from the 5 cases that occurred in all of 2005.
City officials have begun fumigating the area to control spread of the disease
MALAYSIA: Two 14-year-old students who died on February
were found to have had dengue, the Health Ministry announced. Both students attended the same school and
were admitted to the same hospital. The
school campus was found to be free of mosquito breeding and no other students
were admitted .
BOLIVIA: During the first three weeks of February, 11
cases of dengue fever and one case of dengue hemorrhagic fever were
reported. Almost all cases were reported
in Santa Cruz,
although only one case of classic fever was confirmed .
AUSTRALIA: A small outbreak has erupted in Cranbrook,
a suburb of Townsville, North Queensland,
resulting in 7 cases of dengue fever since late January. This follows a previous outbreak of dengue in
the same area from late December to mid-January. An inspection of the area discovered that 8
percent of the properties were found to have mosquito breeding sites on the
premises . A new Queensland
Government law now allows health inspectors to eradicate mosquito breeding
sites without the permission of landowners .
had a rising number of dengue patients being evaluated in hospitals in
February, most of whom were children. The head of Yogyakarta’s
health agency emphasized the importance of mosquito control measures . In Bandarlampung, hospitals treated
approximately 30 patients for dengue fever, and three deaths were reported
programs being planned to control Dengue fever.
Haveeru Daily. 2006.
Available at: http://www.haveeru.com.mv/?page=engdetails&id=6778. Accessed February 22, 2006.
Fever deaths increasing: Health Ministry.
Haveeru Daily. 2006.
Available at: http://www.haveeru.com.mv/?page=engdetails&id=6834. Accessed February 22, 2006.
update 2006 (06). ProMed-mail. 2006. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org/pls/promed/f?p=2400:1001:4689695451267893541::NO::F2400_P1001_BACK_PAGE,F2400_P1001_PUB_MAIL_ID:1010,31934. Accessed February 22, 2006.
situation under control: Yaacob. Channel News Asia. 2006.
Available at: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/192962/1/.html. Accessed March 7, 2006.
says worst dengue outbreak under control.
Yahoo! News. 2006.
Available at: http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20060213/hl_afp/healthsingaporedengue_060213091417. Accessed March 3, 2006.
struggle to stem deadly dengue outbreak.
The Daily Journal. 2006.
Available at: http://www.thedailyjournalonline.com/article.asp?ArticleId=224275&CategoryId=12393. Accessed March 3, 2006.
duo died of dengue, pneumonia causes: Ministry.
The Daily Express. 2006.
Available at: http://www.dailyexpress.com.my/news.cfm?NewsID=40568. Accessed March 7, 2006.
update 2006 (08). ProMed-mail. 2006. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org/pls/promed/f?p=2400:1202:863156620247761349::NO::F2400_P1202_CHECK_DISPLAY,F2400_P1202_PUB_MAIL_ID:X,32152. Accessed March 3, 2006.
more hit with dengue. Townsville Bulletin. 2006.
Available at: http://townsvillebulletin.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,7034,18139048%255E14787,00.html. Accessed February 22, 2006.
experts have greater power to tackle dengue.
Corporation. 2006. Available at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/items/200602/1562939.htm?northqld. Accessed February 22, 2006.
update 2006 (07). ProMed-mail. 2006. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org/pls/promed/f?p=2400:1202:863156620247761349::NO::F2400_P1202_CHECK_DISPLAY,F2400_P1202_PUB_MAIL_ID:X,32037. Accessed March 3, 2006.
update 2006 (09). ProMed-mail. 2006. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org/pls/promed/f?p=2400:1202:863156620247761349::NO::F2400_P1202_CHECK_DISPLAY,F2400_P1202_PUB_MAIL_ID:X,32236. Accessed March 7, 2006.
Alex, Carlene Gong, Chelsea Johnson, Cheryl King, Anthony Ho, Katarro Rountree,
and Lisa Sani. Graduate Students, Georgetown
Master of Science Program in Biohazardous Threat Agents and Emerging Infectious
Diseases. “Emerging Diseases: Past as
Prologue” course (Daniel Lucey, MD, MPH, Instructor). Washington,